Category Archives: social laws

National Disaster Management Plan

Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi today released the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP). This is the first ever national plan prepared in the country.

Minister of Home Affairs Shri Rajnath Singh, Minster of State for Home Affairs Shri Kiren Rijiju, and senior officers of the Prime Minister’s Office, Ministry of Home Affairs and National Disaster Management Authority were present during the function.

Following are the highlights of the NDMP:

  • The NDMP has been aligned broadly with the goals and priorities set out in the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
  • The Vision of the Plan is to “Make India disaster resilient, achieve substantial disaster risk reduction, and significantly decrease the losses of life, livelihoods, and assets – economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental – by maximizing the ability to cope with disasters at all levels of administration as well as among communities.
  • For each hazard, the approach used in this national plan incorporates the four priorities enunciated in the Sendai Framework into the planning framework for Disaster Risk Reduction under the five Thematic Areas for Actions:

o   Understanding Risk

o   Inter-Agency Coordination

o   Investing in DRR – Structural Measures

o   Investing in DRR – Non-Structural Measures

o   Capacity Development

  • The Response part of the Plan has identified eighteen broad activities which have been arranged into a matrix to be served as a ready reckoner:

o   Early Warning, Maps, Satellite inputs, Information Dissemination

o   Evacuation of People and Animals

o   Search and Rescue of People and Animals

o   Medical Care

o   Drinking Water/ Dewatering Pumps/ Sanitation Facilities/ Public Health

o   Food & Essential Supplies

o   Communication

o   Housing and Temporary Shelters

o   Power

o   Fuel

o   Transportation

o   Relief Logistics and Supply Chain Management

o   Disposal of Animal Carcasses

o   Fodder for livestock in scarcity-hit areas

o   Rehabilitation and Ensuring Safety of Livestock and other Animals, Veterinary Care

o   Data Collection and Management

o   Relief Employment

o   Media Relations

  • The Plan has also incorporated a Chapter on Strengthening Disaster Risk Governance. The generalized responsibility matrix given in this section summarizes the themes for strengthening Disaster Risk Governance and specifies agencies at the Centre and State with their respective roles. The matrix has six thematic areas in which Central and State Governments have to take actions to strengthen disaster risk governance:

o   Mainstream and integrate DRR and Institutional Strengthening

o   Capacity Development

o   Promote Participatory Approaches

o   Work with Elected Representatives

o   Grievance Redress Mechanism

o   Promote Quality Standards, Certifications, and Awards for Disaster Risk Management

  • The National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) provides a framework and direction to the government agencies for all phases of disaster management cycle.
  • The NDMP is a dynamic document in the sense that it will be periodically improved keeping up with the emerging global best practices and knowledge bases in disaster management.
  • Globally, the approach towards post-disaster restoration and rehabilitation has shifted to one of betterment reconstruction. The NDMP provides a generalized framework for recovery since it is not possible to anticipate all the possible elements of betterment reconstruction.
  • The Plan also highlights that the disaster risk reduction will be achieved by mainstreaming the requirements into the developmental plans.

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Draft Trafficking Bill 2016

PIB press release dated 30th May, 2016

The Minister of Women & Child Development Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi released the draft “Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2016” in New Delhi today for further stakeholders consultations and comments. The Bill aims to create a strong legal, economic and social environment against trafficking of persons and related matters.

Speaking on the occasion, Smt Maneka Sanjay Gandhi said that the Bill is victim oriented and makes clear the distinction between the ‘trafficker’ and the ‘trafficked’. The WCD Minister said that the draft Bill plugs loopholes in existing laws and brings within its fold additional crimes pertaining to trafficking which don’t find a place in the existing laws. It also envisages creation of a fund for rehabilitation of victims of trafficking, she said. Under the Bill, an institutional mechanism is also sought to be set up to deal with this highly specialized subject which will also include members from Civil Society Organizations, the Minister explained. Since the problem is trans-border with our neighbouring countries, protocols will also be worked out for those trafficked from other countries. Smt Maneka Gandhi also highlighted the major initiatives taken up by the Government to deal with the problem of trafficking and that of missing children including the new Khoya-Paya web portal, unique initiative with Railways, pasting of posters in railway coaches, expansion of Children helpline-Childline 1098 among others.

Secretary WCD, Shri V. Somasundaran highlighted the enormity of the problem of trafficking in the country. He disclosed that trafficking is the third largest organized crime and time has now come to deal with it through a single comprehensive Act.

The draft Bill has taken into account the various aspects of trafficking and its punishments as defined in section 370- 373 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 and aims to include other offences/ provisions which are not dealt with in any other law for the purpose of trafficking, such as (1) penal provisions for the disclosure of identity of the victim of trafficking and witness (2) use of narcotic drug or psychotropic substance or alcohol for the purpose of trafficking (3) use of chemical substance or hormones for the purpose of exploitation. The draft Bill has also taken into its ambit the ‘placement agencies’ by making mandatory for them to also register for the purposes of this Act.

The proposed draft Bill aims to place dedicated institutional mechanisms at District, State and Central level. It also envisages a designated Agency for the investigation of offences. It provides for Protection Homes and Special Homes for short term and long term rehabilitation support. For speedy trial with a view to increase prosecution and to reduce the trauma faced by the victims, the proposed draft Bill provides for establishing Special Courts in each district and experienced Special Prosecutors. Recovery of back wages and other monetary losses of the victim of trafficking is also proposed.

The draft Bill provides for mandatory reporting within 24 hours by a Police Officer, Public servant, any officer or employee of Protection Home or Special Home having custody of the victim of trafficking to the District Anti-Trafficking Committee or in case of child victim to the Child Welfare Committee. For the effective implementation of the proposed Act and for the welfare and rehabilitation of the victims an Anti-Trafficking Fund will be created.

The details of draft Bill are available at http://wcd.nic.in/acts/trafficking-persons-bill-2016-draft

The draft Trafficking of Persons Bill 2016 has also been posted on the MyGov portal – a platform for citizen engagement with the government. Citizens are requested to submit their inputs at https://www.mygov.in/home/discuss/ by 30th June 2016.

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